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七年级英语下册第一第二单元词汇用法汇总

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七年级英语下册第一第二单元词汇用法汇总
Unit1 Where is you pen pal from? 1、你的笔友来自哪里/是哪里人? Where is you pen pal from? / Where does your pen pal come from? from 在这里作介词(又叫前置词 prep.) ,意为―从…来;出自‖。―be from / come from‖是固定词组,意为―来自……/是……人‖。双如: He comes from Austrilia / He is from Australia. 他是澳大利亚人。(或:他来自 澳大利亚。) They are from Japan / They come from Japan. 他们是日本人。(或:他们来自 日本。) 2、国家(countries): France, Japan, the United Sates, the United Kingdom, China, Singapore. 城市(cities): Sydney, New York, Paris, Toronto,Tokyo. 语言(languages): English, Chinese, Japanese, French, ①你的笔友住在哪里? Where does you pen pal live? (他住在) 东京。 He lives in Tokyo. ②他们说什么语言? What language do they speak? (他们说)日语。They speak Japanese. 3、我想要(结交)一位中国的笔友。 I want a pen pal in/from China. 4、我能说英语和一点法语。 I can speak English and a little French. little 在这里作副词(ad.),[表示否定](数量或程度上)微少,少到几乎没有。 a little [表示肯定]稍许,一点儿。little 和 a little 修饰不可数名词。又如: A little more sugar, please. 请再给我一点糖。 There is little bread in the plate. 盘子里没有面包了。 与之类似的是:few (形容词 a.),[表示否定](数量或程度上)很少的,几乎 没有的。 afew [表示肯定]有些,几个。few 和 afew 修饰可数名词。又如: Few people live to be 100. 活到 100 岁的人很少。 He wants to be back home in a few days.他想几天以后回家。 5、我喜欢和朋友一起看电影和做运动. I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports. like 一词在中学英语中是一个使用频率很高的词,要正确用好它,就必须掌握 好以下的句型: 基本形式 ①like + 可数名词(复数)→I like apples.我喜欢苹果。 ②like + 不可数名词(单数) →Do you like music? 你喜欢音乐吗? ③like + 动词的?ing‘形式 →I like swimming.我爱好游泳。 ④like + to + 动词原形→I like to play football today.今天我喜欢去踢足球。 主要用法:
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①用作动词(v.)―喜欢;感到喜欢;愿意;爱好‖之意。无进行时态,既可表 对人或物的―真挚感情‖,也可表对某事的―浓厚兴趣和爱好‖。其后可接名词 (n.) 、 代词(pron.)、动名词(v.~ing)或不定式(to do)。如: I like the little boy.我喜欢这个小男孩。 [like+(n.)] She‘s a nice girl. I like her.她是位好姑娘,我喜欢她。 [like+(pron.)] He likes fishing.他喜欢钓鱼。 [like+(v.~ing.)] 注:上述用法中的 like 可用 be fond of 来替代。 She likes to hear music.我喜欢这个小男孩。 [like+(to do sth.)] ②用作介词(prep.),―像;像……一样‖。且 like 前一般要有系动词,如: be/sound/taste 等。如: His bike is like mine. 他的自行车跟我的那辆一样。 She sounds just like her mother. 她说话的声音和她妈妈一模一样。 It tastes like an apple. 其味如苹果。(直译:它尝起来和苹果一样。) ③与 like 有关的短语和重要句型: look like=look the same,―看起来像……;像……‖ She looks like her mother.(=She and her mother look the same.) 她长得很 像她妈妈。 He looks like winning. 他看起来好像要赢了。 How do you like…?你觉得……怎么样?你希望吃(或喝)怎样的……?你 喜欢……吗? How did you like the television drama?你觉得那部电视剧怎么样? How do you like your coffee,black or white?你喜欢喝怎样的咖啡?清咖啡还 是加牛奶的? How do you like the work? 你喜欢这项工作吗? if you like. 如果你乐意(愿意/要这样做/理解……) I‘ll drive, if you like. 如果你乐意的话,我来开车。 If you like, we‘ll go. 你要走我们就走。 Come if you like. 如果说你喜欢的话,那就来吧。 I‘ll go with you, if you like. 如果你喜欢的话,我会跟你走。 What is …like? ……怎么样? What is the weather like today? 今天的天气怎么样? Would / Could you like…?表示―希望、愿意、想要……‖ Would you like some tea? 要不要喝点茶? Would you like some more fruit? 再来点水果好吗? What would you like? 你想要(吃/喝)点什么? would/should like…―愿意/想要……‖ I would like you to come tonight. 我希望你今天晚上来。 I would like to come. 我想来。 like to do sth. 喜欢做某事(表示一次性的具体行为) like doing sth. 喜欢做某事(表示经常性或*惯性的动作) like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事 I like to play basketball today. 今天我想去打蓝球。 (只指今天我喜欢做的事)
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I like playing basketball after school. 放学后我喜欢打蓝球。(表示放学后打 蓝球已成了*惯) He likes me to help him with his English. 他喜欢让我帮他补*英语。 Like 用法专项训练 Ⅰ.翻译(每空一词) 1. 他非常喜欢中国食品. He________Chinese food________ ________. 2. 你想要去公园吗? ________you________to go to the park? 3. 我一点儿也不喜欢这本书。I don‘t________this book________ ________. 4. 你觉得这部电影怎么样? ________do you________this film? 5. 你想要什么?我想要些蛋糕。 —What________you________? —I________ ________ ________cakes。 6. 这辆自行车看起来像我的。 The bike________ ________mine. 7. 我喜欢唱歌,但今天不想唱。 I________ ________, but I don‘t ________ ________ ________today. 8. 你爸爸喜欢看电视吗? ________your father________ ________ TV? 9. 李雷喜欢饭后帮助妈妈洗碗。 Li Lei________ ________his mother to ________the plates after meals。 10.今天天气怎么样? ________ the weather ________today? II.按要求变换句式 1. Tony likes Chinese people and food. (改为一般疑问句) ___________________________ 2. I‘d like to teach you English. (改为一般疑问句) _____________________________ 3. Lily likes bread. (改为一般疑问句,并作简略回答) ______________________________ 4. They like China very much.(对划线部分提问) ______________________________ 5. I‘d like to have a glass of milk. (对划线部分提问) _______________________________ 6. I like it very much. (改为同义句) I like it________ ________. 参考答案: I. 1. likes, very much/ a lot 2. Would/ Do, like/ want 3. like, at all 4. How, like 5. would, like, would like some 6. looks like/ is like 7. like singing,want to sing 8. Does,like watching 9. likes helping, wash
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10. What‘s, like II. 1. Does Tom like Chinese people or food? 2. Would you like me to teach you English? 3.Does Lily like bread?; Yes, she does. / No, she doesn‘t. 4.How do they like China? 5.What would you like? 6. a lot 6、喜欢和不喜欢: like and dislike. 7、你能尽快给我写信吗? Can you write to me soon? 8、请尽快写信告诉我有关你的情况。 Please write and tell me about yourself. write 在这里的含意是―写信‖,―write to sb.‖是―给某人写信‖。如: He writes to me everyday. 他每天给我写信。 Why didn‘t you write and tell me? 你为什么不写信告诉我?

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Unit 2 Where’s the post office? 1、Is there a bank near here? Yes, there is. It‘s on Center Street. 附*有一家银行吗? 有,在中央大街上。 There be 结构在英语中被广泛使用,它的许多变形常常使学*者迷惑不解,为 帮助初级英语学*者更好地掌握这一句型,下面就 There be 结构在中学阶段常 见的变化形式进行小结如下: "There be" 结构用法小结顺口溜: there be 句型有特点,主语放在 be 后边;变疑问,很简单,把 be 提到 there 前。 变否定,也不难,be 的后面 not 添;肯定句中用 some, 疑问、否定 any 换。 多个主语并列时, be 随第一主语变;介词短语表地点,"有"表"存在"记心间。 There be,主语前,have/has 主语后面站; have/has 表"所有",There be 表"存在",区别牢记在心间。 用法详解: ―there be‖句型是一个典型的倒装句结构,句中的 there 只起引导作用,并无 实际意义,句子的真正主语是谓语动词 be 后面的名词。译成汉语意思是―某处有 某物‖,但这个―有‖是表示―存在‖,而不是―所有关系‖的―拥有‖的―有‖,表示―所有关 系‖的―拥有‖的―有‖,要用―have/has‖来表示。 ①基本结构(也是最常用的):there be + 名词(主语)+介词短语(be 是谓 语动词,它在人称和数上应和其后的主语(名词)保持一致,即主语是不可数名 词或单数可数名词时用 is,复数时用 are。) There is a map of Chinaon the back wall of our classroom. (我们教室的后墙 上有一幅中国地图。) There is some meat on the plate.盘子里有些肉。 There are twenty boys and twenty-four girls in our class. (我们班有 20 名男生 和 24 名女生。) 试比较以下句子:(注意它们之间的区别) There isa pen and two books on the desk.课桌上有一支钢笔和两本书。 There aretwo books and a pen on the desk. 课桌上有两本书和一支钢笔。 There aresome students and a teacher in the classroom. 在教室里有一些学生 和一位老师。 There isa teacher and some students in the classroom. 在教室里有一位老师和 一些学生。 2、Where is the post office?邮电局在哪里? 3、The pay phone is across from the library.电话亭在图书馆的对面。 across from (美国) opposite (sth) 在...的对面: Just across from our house there‘s a school. 就在我们房子的对面有一所学 校。 The post office is just across from the club. 邮局就有那俱乐部对面。 4、The supermarket is next to the restaurant.餐馆在超市的隔壁。
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next to―紧靠……旁边;贴*;最接*‖,和 beside 意思相同,都是―旁边‖的 意思:near 比 beside 和 next to 较远一些,是―附*‖的意思,它和 close to 意 思相同。 The house next to ours. 跟我们家相邻的房子。 The hotel is next to the church. 旅馆就在教堂隔壁。 5、The park is on Fifth Avenue.公园位于第五林荫大道上。 6、The hotel is in front of the post office.旅馆在邮电局的前面。 in front of―在……前面;在……面前‖(不在所指事物的内部), in the front of―在最前面(或最重要)的位置‖(在所指事物的内部)。 There is a river in front of the house. 房前有条小河。 She sat in the front of the car. 她坐在汽车的前座上。 7、The supermarket is behind the library.超市在图书馆的后面。 8、The bank is between the restaurant and the post office.银行在餐馆和邮电局 的中间。 btween―在(两者)之间; 处在……间‖,或指―三者以上每两者之间‖,而 among 用于二者以上―在……之中‖。 He arrived between 6 and 7 last night. 他昨晚 6 点到 7 点之间到的。 She shared the oranges between the three children. 她把橘子分给这三个 孩子。 The young people lived and worked among the workers. 那些年青人生活、 工作在工人之中。 9、Excuse me. Is there a hotel in the neighborhood?请问,附*有一家旅馆吗? nighborhood―附*地区;周围地区;附*‖;―街坊;四邻‖。 The cat happened to be in the neighborhood. 这只猫碰巧就在附*。 The whole neighborhood was there. 街坊都在那里。 10、Go straight and turn left.径直往前走,然后左拐。 11、It‘s down Bridge Street on the right.它就在沿桥街靠右。 12、a clean park. – a dirty park 一个干净的公园——一个肮脏的公园 13、a new hotel – an old hotel 一家新的旅馆——一家古朴的旅馆 14、a quiet street--- a busy street 一条安静的街道——一条繁忙的街道 15、Welcome to the Garden District.欢迎到花园区来。 16、Turn left on First Avenue and enjoy the city‘s quiet streets and small parks. 在第一大街左转, (你就可以)欣赏这个城市的静谥的街道和小巧玲珑的公园。 17、Take a walk through the park.步行穿过公园. tke a walk 作―散步‖解,其后通常接介词指出散步的地点或方向。 Every day he takes a walk in the park after supper. 每天晚饭后他在公园里 散步。 Now let‘s take a walk along the path. 现在我们沿着小路散步吧! through 是介词,―穿越;穿过‖之意,常常暗示在一个三维空间中通过。 He is looking through the window. 他正透过窗户往外看。 She looked up as I came through the door. 我进门时,她抬头看了看。 18、Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden.
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靠*那家旅馆是一个带有有趣花园的一座小房子。 19、This is the beginning of the garden tour.这就是花园旅行的开始。 20、Come to visit Bridge Street.来参观桥街。 21、Bridge Street is a good place to have fun.桥街是一个(可以让人)玩得开 心的好地方。 22、My house is on a busy street. 我的家位于一条繁忙的大街上。 23、I know you are arriving.我知道你要来了。 arrive vi. ―到来,到达;达成,得出‖。arrive at / in―到达/抵达某地‖,相关词 (组)有 reach;get to,试比较: He arrives at school at eight every morning. 他每天早*说阒拥叫! (到达 小地方用 at) He arrived in Beijing yesterday. 他昨天到北京的。(到达大地方用 in) Three officers arrived on the scene. 三位警官到达现场。 He reached Beijing yesterday. 他昨天到北京的。 He got to Beijing yesterday. 他昨天到北京的。 He gets to school at eight every morning. 他每天早*说阒拥叫! 24、Take a taxi from the airport.从机场乘出租车。 25、I hope you have a good trip.我希望你旅途愉快。 26、Let me tell you the way to my house.让我来告诉你到我家的路。 27、You pass a bank on your right. 靠右边你经过一家银行。 28、If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket. 如果你饿了,你可以在超市买点食物。

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