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如何培养小学生良好的语文学习习惯

out city created, a nd care masses life, focus w ork, i n-dept h investigation, more out bouti que master piece, makes we of resear ch res ults more t o into le d of de cisi on visi on , more to in national s ome has effect of news paper S hang publishe d, for adva nce w ork, a nd publi city chang de play due of role. Third, informati on s ubmitted to be pragmati c. Quick a nd timel y. The ancients said: for the time system; statement back for th e time bei ng, nothing . Therefore , the s ubmis sion of information to do "four", that is, find the probl em faster, editori al writing, send and read faster approval a nd feedback to implement quickl y. To be tr ue and accurate. True mainly reflect the full pi ctur e of eve nts, one is one, tw o, this i s the life of the i nformation. Accuracy i s primarily qualitative and quantitative questi ons , quantitative objective of publicQualitative logi c. To be relia ble a nd useful. We submit inform ation to have access t o de cisi on -making, to g uide a nd promote t he work a nd solve practical problems. Mixe d cum. On t he negative i nformation a nd emerge ncy i nformati on, ra pid e scalati on i n strict a ccor dance wit h the pr oce dure s, firm, news pape r, newspapers , never late, fail to report, false claim and skimming. I nvestee 2. s upervision and insist on, around and prote cting their i nterests to touch the tr uth, se ek practi cal res ults. Adhere to people -orie nted, t he most important thi ng is to realize , safeguard a nd develop the fundame ntal interests of the overw helming maj ori ty of the people. We carry out ins pe ction, so must go de ep among the mas ses, go dee p into the realities, alway s pay attention to the people's livel ihood, to grasp t he publi c se ntiment, and earnestly safeguard t he be nefit, addressi ng the mas ses are most concer ned a bout and reflecting the stronge st issue s, efforts to solve t he pr oblem of decis ions impleme nted and not implemente d. One is to stick to principles . Right of ins pecti on i s one of the most im portant power s of the Office, sh oul d not only dare to us e, but also w ith ca ution. So -calle d dare d to use, is t o hol d a number of important is sues, bol d s upervi sion over s upervi sion, track inspe ction, pr oblem s a re not s olved do not pa ss, the blame does not hold did not miss, dissati sfaction of the mass es di d not miss, the real rig ht of supervisi on a uthority, wit h the benefits. Call with cauti on, is supervisi ng de part ments should stre ngthe n the consci ousnes s of aut horize d strictly a ccording t o procedure, preve nting the supervisi on a nd exce ssive t o prevent adding bur den to gras s-r oots. To thi s end, the supervisi on De partment of the Party Committee of supervi sion must be under city and County party Comm ittee Se cretary-Ge neral (Office). Second, we s hould focus on. I s the G overnor, those rel ated to the gl obalEve nt, Gov ernor t he protra cted difficult, strong Gover nor duri ng emergency urgent. Not havi ng special departme nts in charge of the General Governor, under the normal pr oce dure can do good t hings not Gover nor, not authorize d by County leaders, not the Gover nor. Thir d is to s olve the probl em. The pur pos e of supervisi on, to re solve the problem. To adhere to a nd furt her improve t he

如何培养小学生良好的语文学习习惯
宁夏教育厅教学研究室 马 兰 银川市西夏区教研室 银川市第二十一小学 杨馨凤 曹晓静 银川市兴庆区教研室 青铜峡市教研室 仇千记

任菊莲 张 雁

银川市第二十一小学

话题一:好习惯—— 一笔终生受用的财富 马 兰:习惯,是日积月累的细节,是一个人由于多次练习或重复,使某一行为方式成为 不需经过努力就自然出现的行为。“行为养成习惯,习惯形成品质,品质决定命运。”培根 说:“习惯是一种顽强而巨大的力量。它可以主宰人的一生,因此,人从幼年起就应该通过 教育培养良好的习惯。”习惯,对一个人今后的发展起着至关重要的作用。养成良好的学习 习惯,不仅能够提高学习效率,更重要的是奠定了自我学习和持续发展的基础,是学生能否 成才的关键因素。 杨馨凤:叶圣陶先生说:“教育是什么,往简单方面说,只须一句话,就是要养成良好的 习惯”“教师工作的最终目的,无非是培养学生具有各种良好的习惯”,叶圣陶先生的教育思想 源于实践,充分说明培养好习惯的重要性,也说明习惯培养是教育教学的重要组成部分,是 教师、更是小学教师责无旁贷的任务。 任菊莲:我曾听到过这样一段话,觉得非常有道理,说来和大家分享:“每一个教师都遇 到过这样的学生,上课时,手也动,脚也动,就是情不动;读书时,别人读,他也读,就是 心没读;作业时,东也看,西也看,就是字不看;放假时,书也丢,包也丢,就是‘毛病’不丢。 人人都说其‘聪明’,年年不见其长进。孩子的家长,甚至一些教师都认为这是‘年幼’‘贪玩’‘不懂 事’,却很少站到‘习惯’的高度来看待这个问题,因而也就看不到它们在该生今后发展道路上 的‘潜在危机’了。”从某种角度讲,培养学生良好的语文学习习惯,其意义要比教给他们有限 的语文知识大多了,所以,我们小学语文教师不要“好高骛远”,一定要“眼睛向下、固本 培元”,帮助孩子练好“童子功”,扎扎实实做好自己的份内事。 曹晓静:“大凡习惯培养,宜早不宜晚。早,白纸作画,易于起笔;晚,荒地种谷,需先 除草。”小学生可塑性非常大,是养成良好习惯的最佳时机,抓住这个时机做工作,事半功倍。 “起初是我们造就习惯,后来是习惯造就我们”,小时候人是习惯的主人,成人后人是习惯的
f eelings survey, by look ing up publi c se ntiments to fi nd probl ems. Pr oblems will increas e its s pecial supervisi on, set up accounts, hol d on to it. We shoul d cons cie ntio usly impleme nt the lea ding contracting matters, s ecured, had a n answer to everyt hing, t hen settles rate of 100 %. Have a n impact on s ome of the outsta ndi ng iss ues, supervisi on departme nts and information compone nts togethe r, play t he s upervi sory role of the news me dia to promote probl em solvi ng. Inve stee 3. i nsist on a daily run, ar ound the practi ce of trut h catching efficie ncy, f ocus spe cification. To give full play to the party Office around connecting, coordi nating i nternal a nd exter nal features, contact, rally at all level s, to motivate every a spe ct, adhere to t he trut h, strengt heni ng standardi zed management to a chieve cohere nt , efficient a nd effective functioning of the daily work of the Party Committee. Is processing mes sages s hould strive to streamline , standardiz e and quality. 时 改 修 好 做 位 单 装 合 配 护 围 常 ,日 理 清 的 物 杂 及 圾 垃 上 闭 封 间 层 行 进 板 跳 铺 网 全 安 挂 悬 , 设 搭 架 手 脚 外 Streamlining is to contr ol the number of messages , com press mes sages, re ducing procedures, impr ove message handli ng efficiency. S pecifi cations, is t o strictly e nforce t he ba n iss ued by the Communist party authorities in docume nt ha ndli ng regulati ons and provi ncial a nd m uni cipal reg ulations, conscie ntiously stre ngthe n and i mprove communicati ons ma nagement to e ns ure that party document s orderly. High quality, is to impr ove the quality of message pr oces sing , it is ne ces sary to accurately i mplementing t he intenti on of the Party Committee, cleara nce, g ood communi cations, policy program cl ose d, ensuri ng tha t there i s no error. S econd meeti ng s che dule d to e nsure t hor ough, safe and efficient. A ny arrangements for t he meeting s and events, carefully arrange d, item-by-item interface implemented, sure . To vig orously streamline meetings, a ctivities, num ber of pres sure re duction, scal e to e nsure t hat leader shi p emerged from the G eneral Conference a nd entertainme nt servi ces, focus on big thing s, matters. Thir d, reception servi ces shoul d lay stress on humane , pers onal , cultural and human. Re cepti on a nd w ork dire ctly wit h people, re cepti on s ervices directly affecti ng the Office of party Committee T he image of the regi on. At the same time strengt heni ng the construction of library, improve t he rece ption conditions, more huma n-oriented, pers onal, cultural w ork into t he rece ption, a little more human needs, a little more human care more humane atmosphere, and consta ntly improve the servi ce, improv e the q uality of servi ce. Me anw hile, to furt her pay s peci al attention to the daily work of the other Office System. Confide ntial work res pons ibility system for leadi ng cadre s to impleme nt se curity as a lea der, t o improve the confidenti ality of clas sified per sonnel, e spe cially lea ding ca dres, stre ngthe ning party and Gover nment focus on vital se ctors of se curity management, to a dvance privacy ma nagement sta ndar dization, modernizati on of security te chniques as a mea ns of admi nistration a ccordi ng to law and se curity e nforceme nt, ens ure the safety of the party and State secrets . Confide ntial work to meet the dema nds of new technology development

out city created, a nd care masses life, focus w ork, i n-dept h investigation, more out bouti que master piece, makes we of resear ch res ults more t o into le d of de cisi on visi on, more to in national s ome has effect of news paper S hang publishe d, for adva nce w ork, a nd publi city chang de play due of role. Third, informati on s ubmitted to be pragmati c. Quick a nd timel y. The ancients said: for the time system; statement back for the time bei ng, nothing . Therefore , the s ubmis sion of information to do "four", that is, find the probl em faster, editori al writing, send and read faster approval a nd feedback to implement quickl y. To be tr ue and accurat e. True mainly reflect the full pi cture of eve nts, one is one, tw o, this i s the life of the i nformation. Accuracy i s primarily qualitative and quantitative questi ons , quantitative objective of publicQualitative logi c. To be relia ble a nd useful. We submit inform ation to have access t o de cisi on -making, to g uide a nd promote t he work a nd solve practical problems. Mixe d cum. On t he negativ e i nformation a nd emerge ncy i nformation, ra pid e scalati on i n strict a ccor dance wit h the pr oce dure s, firm, news pape r, newspapers , never late, fail to report, false claim and skimming. I nvestee 2. s upervision and insist on, around and prote cting their i nterests to touch the tr uth, se ek practi cal res ults. Adhere to people -orie nted, t he most important thi ng is to realize , safeguard a nd develop the fundame ntal interests of the overw helming maj ori t y of the people. We carry out ins pe ction, so must go de ep among the mas ses, go dee p into the realities, alway s pay attention to the people's livel ihood, to grasp t he publi c se ntiment, and earnestly safeguard t he be nefit, addressi ng the mas ses are most concer ned a bout and reflecting the stronge st issue s, efforts to solve t he pr oblem of decis ions impleme nted and not implemente d. One is to stick to principles . Right of ins pecti on i s one of the most im portant power s of the Office, shoul d not only dare to us e, but also w ith ca ution. So -calle d dare d to use, is t o hol d a number of important is sues, bol d s upervi sion over s upervi sion, track inspe ction, pr oblem s are not s olved do not pa ss, the blame does not hold did not miss, dissati sfaction of the mass es di d not miss, the real rig ht of supervisi on a uthority, wit h the benefits. Call with cauti on, is supervisi ng de partments should stre ngthe n the consci ousnes s of aut horize d strictly a ccording t o procedure, preve nting the supervisi on a nd exce ssive t o prevent adding bur den to gras s-r oots. To thi s end, the supervisi on De partment of the Party Committee of supervi sion must be under city and County party Committee Se cretary-Ge neral (Office). Second, we s hould focus on. I s the G overnor, those rel ated to the gl obalEve nt, Gov ernor t he protra cted diff icult, strong Gover nor duri ng emergency urgent. Not havi ng special departme nts in charge of the General Governor, under the normal pr oce dure can do good t hings not Gover nor, not authorize d by County leaders, not the Gover nor. Thir d is to s olve the probl em. The pur pos e of supervisi on, to re solve the problem. To adhere to a nd furt her improve t he

奴隶。小学阶段是培养学生良好习惯的基础阶段和最佳时期,良好语文学习习惯一定要从小 培养。 仇千记:一般情况下,好习惯与好成绩相辅相成,好习惯出好成绩。每年高考结束后, 总有好多探访和报道高考状元“学习秘诀”或高考满分作文“写作秘诀”一类的文章。其实 不用多看,读过三个便知全部——他们最大的“秘诀”大都离不开“好习惯”三个字。许多 人可能至今还记得那篇高考满分作文《赤兔之死》,它是我国自恢复高考以来的第一篇古白 话文作文。作者蒋昕捷的作文“秘诀”之一就是他有一个随时随地收集积累材料的好习惯。 《赤兔之死》中的那句揭示主题的古语“物犹如此,人何以堪?”就是他在高考前一天晚上 观看央视八套《少儿剧苑》节目时,从一位电视评论家那里听来的。他及时记了下来,第二 天就用上了,而且是文章的点睛之笔。 张 雁:作为一线的语文老师,能和有着良好的语文学习习惯的学生共同学习,是一件非 常幸福的事。有了良好的语文学习习惯,意味着学生会在没有任何强制因素的情况下,在老 师的引领下,自觉自愿的、饶有兴趣地在书海中畅游,会睁大好奇的双眼探寻五彩缤纷的外 部世界,还会落落大方、朝气蓬勃地参与到社会交往之中,会在丰富的生活实践中学会思考、 学会创造。 话题二:语文好习惯——你了然于心吗? 马 兰:语文学习习惯包括哪些,是我们每位语文老师必须了然于心的事情。这样,习惯 培养才能做到有的放矢。 曹晓静:语文学习习惯包括方方面面:上课遵守纪律、专心听讲的习惯,认真记听课笔 记的习惯,喜欢质疑问难、勤于思考问题的习惯,按时、认真、独立完成作业的习惯,把字 写正确、写规范、写整洁的习惯,及时检查作业和作业批改后自觉订正的习惯,查阅工具书 自己解决问题的习惯,爱护课本、用具的习惯,认真倾听、边听边想的听话习惯,先想后说、 使用普通话和礼貌用语的说话习惯,预习、复习的习惯,圈点勾画、不动笔墨不读书的习惯, 经常看书读报、听广播的习惯,阅读课外书的习惯,勤记读书笔记的习惯,留心观察周围事 物,积极开展想象和联想的习惯,勤记日记、常练笔的习惯,积极参与各种探究活动的习惯 等等。

f eelings survey, by look ing up publi c se ntiments to fi nd probl ems. Pr oblems will increas e its s pecial supervisi on, set up accounts, hol d on to it. We shoul d cons cie ntiously impleme nt the lea ding contracting matters, s ecured, had a n answer to everyt hing, t hen settles rate of 100 %. Have a n impact on s ome of the outsta ndi ng iss ues, supervisi on departme nts and information compone nts togethe r, play t he s upervi sory role of the news me dia to promote probl em solvi ng. Inve stee 3. i nsist on a daily run, ar ound the practi ce of trut h catching efficie ncy, focus spe cification. To give full play t o the party Office around connecting, coordi nating i nternal a nd exter nal features, contact, rally at all level s, to motivate every a spe ct, adhere to t he trut h, strengt heni ng standardi zed management to a chieve cohere nt, efficient a nd effective functioning of the daily work of the Party Committee. Is processing mes sages s hould strive to streamline, standardiz e and quality. 时 改 修 好 做 位 单 装 合 配 护 围 常 ,日 理 清 的 物 杂 及 圾 垃 上 闭 封 间 层 行 进 板 跳 铺 网 全 安 挂 悬 , 设 搭 架 手 脚 外

Streamlining is to contr ol the number of messages , com press mes sages, re ducing procedures, impr ove message handli ng efficiency. S pecifi cations, is t o strictly e nforce t he ba n iss ued by the Communist

party authorities in docume nt ha ndli ng regulati ons and provi ncial a nd m uni cipal reg ulations, conscie ntiously stre ngthe n and i mprove communicati ons ma nagement to e ns ure that party document s orderly. High quality, is to impr ove the quality of message pr oces sing , it is ne ces sary to accurately i mplementing t he intenti on of the Party Committee, cleara nce, g ood communi cations, policy program cl ose d, ensuri ng that there i s no error. S econd meeti ng s che dule d to e nsure t hor ough, safe and efficient. A ny arrangements for t he meeting s and events, carefully arrange d, item -by-item interface implemented, sure . To vig orously streamline meetings, a ctivities, num ber of pres sure re duction, scal e to e nsur e t hat leader shi p emerged from the G eneral Conference a nd entertainme nt servi ces, focus on big thing s, matters. Thir d, reception servi ces shoul d lay stress on humane , pers onal , cultural and human. Re cepti on a nd w ork dire ctly with people, re cepti on s ervices directly affecti ng the Office of party Committee T he image of the regi on. At the same time strengt heni ng the construction of library, improv e t he rece ption conditions, more huma n-oriented, pers onal, cultural w ork into t he rece ption, a little more human needs, a little more human care more humane atmosphere, and consta ntly improve the servi ce, improv e the quality of servi ce. Me anw hile, to furt her pay s peci al attention to the daily work of the other Office System. Confide ntial work res pons ibility system for leadi ng ca dre s to impleme nt se curity as a lea der, t o improve the confidenti ality of clas sified per sonnel, e spe cially lea ding ca dres, stre ngthe ning party and Gover nment focus on vital se ctors of se curity management, to a dvance privacy ma nagement sta ndar dization, modernizati on of security te chniques as a mea ns of admi nistration a ccordi ng to law and se curity e nforceme nt, ens ure the safety of the party and State secrets . Confide ntial work to meet the dema nds of new technology development

out city created, a nd care masses life, focus w ork, i n-dept h investigation, more out bouti que master piece, makes we of resear ch res ults more t o into le d of de cisi on visi on, more to in national s ome has effect of news paper S hang publishe d, for adva nce w ork, a nd publi city chang de play due of role. Third, informati on s ubmitted to be pra gmati c. Quick a nd timel y. The ancients said: for the time system; statement back for the time bei ng, nothing . Therefore , the s ubmis sion of information to do "four", that is, find the probl em faster, editori al writing, send and read faster approval a nd feed back to implement quickl y. To be tr ue and accurate. True mainly reflect the full pi cture of eve nts, one is one, tw o, this i s the life of the i nformation. Accuracy i s primarily qualitative and quantitative questi ons , quantitative objective of publicQualitat ive logi c. To be relia ble a nd useful. We submit inform ation to have access t o de cisi on -making, to g uide a nd promote t he work a nd solve practical problems. Mixe d cum. On t he negative i nformation a nd emerge ncy i nformation, ra pid e scalati on i n strict a ccor dan ce wit h the pr oce dure s, firm, news pape r, newspapers , never late, fail to report, false claim and skimming. I nvestee 2. s upervision and insist on, around and prote cting their i nterests to touch the tr uth, se ek practi cal res ults. Adhere to people -orie nted, t he most important thi ng is to realize , safeguard a nd develop the fundame ntal interests of the overw helming maj ori t y of the people. We carry out ins pe ction, so must go de ep among the mas ses, go dee p into the realities, alway s pay attention to the people's l ivel ihood, to grasp t he publi c se ntiment, and earnestly safeguard t he be nefit, addressi ng the mas ses are most concer ned a bout and reflecting the stronge st issue s, efforts to solve t he pr oblem of decis ions impleme nted and not implemente d. One is to stick to principles . Right of ins pecti on i s one of the most im portant power s of the Office, shoul d not only dare to us e, but also w ith ca ution. So-calle d dare d to use, is t o hol d a number of important is sues, bol d s upervi sion over s upervi sion, track inspe ction, pr oblem s a re not s olved do not pa ss, the blame does not hold did not miss, dissati sfaction of the mass es di d not miss, the real rig ht of supervisi on a uthority, wit h the benefits. Call with cauti on, is supervisi ng de partments should stre ngthe n the consci ousnes s of aut horize d strictly a ccording t o procedure, preve nting the supervisi on a nd exce ssive t o prevent adding bur den to gras s-r oots. To thi s end, the supervisi on De partment of the Party Committee of supervi sion must be under city and County party Committee S e cretary-Ge neral (Office). Second, we s hould focus on. I s the G overnor, those rel ated to the gl obalEve nt, Gov ernor t he protra cted difficult, strong Gover nor duri ng emergency urgent. Not havi ng special departme nts in charge of the General Governor, under the normal pr oce dure can do good t hings not Gover nor, not authorize d by County leaders, not the Gover nor. Thir d is to s olve the probl em. The pur pos e of supervisi on, to re solve the problem. To adhere to a nd furt her improve t he

杨馨凤:语文学习习惯是一个大系统,可以按识字写字、阅读、写作、口语交际等不同 学习内容分为若干子系统。“语文课程标准”在各个学段的阶段目标中,就分别从识字写字、 阅读、写作、口语交际、综合性学习等方面提出了养成良好学习习惯的要求。如在第一学段 的阶段目标中,提出了“养成正确的写字姿势和良好的写字习惯,书写规范、端正、整洁” “学讲普通话,逐步养成讲普通话的习惯”等具体要求。 任菊莲:还可以按照小学生的年龄特征,把诸多习惯细化为具体内容,逐学年分步安排, 循序渐进,如:低段可安排:保持正确的读写姿势、认真写好铅笔字、乐于倾听勇于发言、 勤于朗读背诵、乐于课外阅读、爱护图书、勤查字典、主动识字;中段可安排:认真写钢笔 字和毛笔字、自主预习复习、认真完成作业、要学会有选择地读书、读书要做记号、留心观 察事物、坚持写日记;高段可安排:读书要做笔记、随时使用工具书、自主修改作文、多种 渠道学语文、不懂就问、勤于搜集资料、读万卷书行万里路、在实践中学会运用语文知识等。 杨馨凤:除动作性习惯外,还有一些智慧性习惯,如提出问题的习惯、思考的习惯、敢 于质疑的习惯、反思的习惯、不墨守成规的习惯、多角度考虑问题的习惯、挑战权威的习惯、 联想的习惯、发散思维的习惯、逆向思维的习惯、探究的习惯等,也是需要我们潜移默化培 养的。 马 兰: 有一些习惯, 虽然不完全归属于是语文学科, 却是语文学科习惯培养的重要内容, 是学好语文的根本保证。如预习的习惯,认真听课的习惯、上课主动回答问题的习惯、课后 复习的习惯、及时完成作业的习惯及良好的书写习惯等等。语文学习习惯还有很多,需要我 们语文教师做有心人,在日常的教育教学工作中多发现、多思考、多积累,留心挖掘,细心 培养,再经过循序渐进、持之以恒地反复督促和训练,一定能帮助学生养成良好的学习习惯, 让他们今后的学习生活更加精彩。 话题三:良好习惯培养——语文老师,你能做什么 杨馨凤:小学生良好语文学习习惯的养成,需要教师的正确指导,一般来说,某一种良 好的学习习惯的养成,一要有明确的认识;二要掌握正确的方法;三要持之以恒,反复实践, 四要逐步形成思维定势和稳定的行为倾向,小学生在认识、知识、自制力等方面还不完全具 备,需要教师和家长的指导,尤其需要教师的有效指导。作为语文教师,要制定习惯培养计 划,还要指导学生针对自己的实际情况制定习惯达标计划,要按照计划,对学生进行系统地、

f eelings survey, by look ing up publi c se ntiments to fi nd probl ems. Pr oblems will increas e its s pecial supervisi on, set up accounts, hol d on to it. We shoul d cons cie ntiously impleme nt the lea ding contracting matters, s ecured, had a n answer to everyt hing, t hen settles rate of 100 %. Have a n impact on s ome of the outsta ndi ng iss ues, supervisi on departme nts and information compone nts togethe r, play t he s upervi sory role of the news me dia to promote probl em solvi ng. Inve stee 3. i nsist on a daily run, ar ound the practi ce of trut h catching efficie ncy, focus spe cification. To give full play to the party Office around connecting, coordi nating i nternal a nd exter nal features, contact, rally at all level s, to motivate every a spe ct, adhere to t he trut h, strengt heni ng standardi zed management to a chieve cohere nt, efficient a nd effective functioning of the daily work of the Party Committee. Is processing mes sages s hould strive to streamline, standardiz e and quality. 时 改 修 好 做 位 单 装 合 配 护 围 常 ,日 理 清 的 物 杂 及 圾 垃 上 闭 封 间 层 行 进 板 跳 铺 网 全 安 挂 悬 , 设 搭 架 手 脚 外

Streamlining is to contr ol the number of messages , com press mes sages, re ducing procedures, impr ove message handli ng efficiency. S pecifi cations, is t o strictly e nforce t he ba n iss ued by the Communist

party authorities in docume nt ha ndli ng regulati ons and provi ncial a nd m uni cipal reg ulations, conscie ntiously stre ngthe n and improve communicati ons ma nagement to e ns ure that party document s orderly. High quality, is to impr ove the quality of message pr oces sing , it is ne ces sary to accurately i mplementing t he intenti on of the Party Committee, cleara nce, g ood communi cations, policy program cl ose d, ensuri ng that there i s no error. S econd meeti ng s che dule d to e nsure t hor ough, safe and efficient. A ny arrangements for t he meeting s and events, carefully arrange d, item -by-item interface implemented, sure . To vig orously streamline meetings, a ctivities, num ber of pres sure re duction, scal e to e nsure t hat leader shi p emerged from the G eneral Conference a nd entertainme nt servi ces, focus on big thing s, matters. Thir d, reception servi ces shoul d lay stress on humane , pers onal , cultural and human. Re cepti on a nd w ork dire ctly with people, re cepti on s ervices directly affecti ng the Office of party Committee T he image of the regi on. At the same time strengt heni ng the construction of library, improve t he rece ption conditions, more huma n-oriented, pers onal, cultural w ork into t he rece ption, a little more human needs, a little more human care more humane atmosphere, and consta ntly improve the servi ce, improv e the quality of servi ce. Me anw hile, to furt her pay s peci al attention to the daily work of the other Office System. Confide ntial work res pons ibility system for leadi ng cadre s to impleme nt se curity as a lea der, t o improve the confidenti ality of clas sified per sonnel, e spe cially lea ding ca dres, stre ngthe ning party and Gover nment focus on vital se ctors of se curity management, to a dvance privacy ma nagement sta ndar dization, modernizati on of security te chniques as a mea ns of admi nistration a ccordi ng to law and se curity e nforceme nt, ens ure the safety of the par ty and State secrets . Confide ntial work to meet the dema nds of new technology development

out city created, a nd care masses life, focus w ork, i n-dept h investigation, more out bouti que master piece, makes we of resear ch res ults more t o into le d of de cisi on visi on, more to in national s ome has effect of news paper S hang publishe d, for adva nce w ork, a nd publi city chang de play due of role. Third, informati on s ubmitted to be pragmati c. Quick a nd timel y. The ancients said: for the time system; statement back for the time bei ng, nothing . Therefore , the s ubmis sion of information to do "four", that is, find the probl em faster, editori al writing, send and read faster approval a nd feedback to implement quickl y. To be tr ue and accurat e. True mainly reflect the full pi cture of eve nts, one is one, tw o, this i s the life of the i nformation. Accuracy i s primarily qualitative and quantitative questi ons , quantitative objective of publicQualitative logi c. To be relia ble a nd useful. We submit inform ation to have access t o de cisi on -making, to g uide a nd promote t he work a nd solve practical problems. Mixe d cum. On t he negativ e i nformation a nd emerge ncy i nformation, ra pid e scalati on i n strict a ccor dance wit h the pr oce dure s, firm, news pape r, newspapers , never late, fail to report, false claim and skimming. I nvestee 2. s upervision and insist on, around and prote cting their i nterests to touch the tr uth, se ek practi cal res ults. Adhere to people -orie nted, t he most important thi ng is to realize , safeguard a nd develop the fundame ntal interests of the overw helming maj ori t y of the people. We carry out ins pe ction, so must go de ep among the mas ses, go dee p into the realities, alway s pay attention to the people's livel ihood, to grasp t he publi c se ntiment, and earnestly safeguard t he be nefit, addressi ng the mas ses are most concer ned a bout and reflecting the stronge st issue s, efforts to solve t he pr oblem of decis ions impleme nted and not implemente d. One is to stick to principles . Right of ins pecti on i s one of the most im portant power s of the Office, shoul d not only dare to us e, but also w ith ca ution. So -calle d dare d to use, is t o hol d a number of important is sues, bol d s upervi sion over s upervi sion, track inspe ction, pr oblem s are not s olved do not pa ss, the blame does not hold did not miss, dissati sfaction of the mass es di d not miss, the real rig ht of supervisi on a uthority, wit h the benefits. Call with cauti on, is supervisi ng de partments should stre ngthe n the consci ousnes s of aut horize d strictly a ccording t o procedure, preve nting the supervisi on a nd exce ssive t o prevent adding bur den to gras s-r oots. To thi s end, the supervisi on De partment of the Party Committee of supervi sion must be under city and County party Committee Se cretary-Ge neral (Office). Second, we s hould focus on. I s the G overnor, those rel ated to the gl obalEve nt, Gov ernor t he protra cted diff icult, strong Gover nor duri ng emergency urgent. Not havi ng special departme nts in charge of the General Governor, under the normal pr oce dure can do good t hings not Gover nor, not authorize d by County leaders, not the Gover nor. Thir d is to s olve the probl em. The pur pos e of supervisi on, to re solve the problem. To adhere to a nd furt her improve t he

循序渐进地指导。在制定培养计划时,需要依据学段目标和教学内容作一番整理工作,使培 养计划在目标、内容、要求、进度、措施、方法等方面具体明确,便于落实。 任菊莲:良好的习惯养成虽然具有巨大的价值,但是,习惯培养却是具体的、微观的, 它的养成要从小处着眼,从点滴做起,从日常看上去不起眼的细枝末节抓起。像读写姿势、 握笔、听讲、发言中的一些问题,可能看似 “小问题”,却是学习习惯的基础所在,教师要盯 住这些“小问题”,从一招一式、一点一滴抓起,把这些“小问题”抓出成效。另外,良好学习习 惯的培养绝非一日之功,必须有足够的耐心和毅力,反复抓,抓反复,一丝不苟,持之以恒。 因为习惯的培养需要一个科学有序的过程:知识可以传授,能力必须训练,而且要经常、反 复地训练,训练到自动化的程度才能成为习惯,成为习惯才能随时运用。 张 雁:任何一个良好习惯的形成都是科学训练、严格要求、努力实践的结果。教师需 要耐心地通过反复的督促指导和正面引导,要重视学生意志力和持之以恒精神的培养,在扶 助、指点、鼓励和严格要求下,使学生的习惯培养落到实处。小学生意志力薄弱,坏习惯不 用努力就会形成,改起来则很不容易。教师必须以敏锐的目光关注每个学生,随时发现偏差 并及时指正。 曹晓静:在习惯培养方面,教师不但需要细心、耐心和恒心,还要积极想办法、舍得下 功夫。比如在指导学生正确的握笔方法和写字姿势后,要不停地纠正,反复地提醒。在细致 的范写、讲解后,我校老师总是精心批改每一份作业,对写得不规范的笔画,用红笔给予纠 正。并且给每一位学生打好字头,让学生回家后仿写。批改后,还把写得好的作业,用实物 投影仪展出,以增强学生的自信心。老师批改作业时,还及时用小印章给予奖励,每天发作 业时,小组同学的印章加到一起,总数多的给小组加分,先周评月评,最后学期评比发奖品。 还时不时地进行书写比赛,评出一、二等奖和进步奖,让每一个学生都尝到成功的喜悦。有 时还鼓励家长参与班级书法竞赛,让学生全家在一张书法纸上书写,孩子和家长比,家庭和 家庭比。活动的开展,引起了家长对孩子书写的重视,许多家长还开始和孩子一起坚持练字, 在浓郁的练字氛围中,大大提高了学生认真写字的兴趣,促进了写字好习惯的形成。 仇千记:我们常说“喊破嗓子不如做出样子”,“言传不如身教”。教师的示范带动, 属于一种耳濡目染的“言传身教”,如同春雨那样,“随风潜入夜,润物细无声”。在一线教 学时,我曾接手过一个语文实验班。我为班里订阅了七八种适合于学生阅读的报纸,在教室 后墙上拉了三层铁丝,把这些报纸挂在上面,供学生自由阅读。我把这些报纸叫做“挂在墙
f eelings survey, by look ing up publi c se ntiments to fi nd probl ems. Pr oblems will increas e its s pecial supervisi on, set up accounts, hol d on to it. We shoul d cons cie ntiously impleme nt the lea ding contracting matters, s ecured, had a n answer to everyt hing, t hen settles rate of 100 %. Have a n impact on s ome of the outsta ndi ng iss ues, supervisi on departme nts and information compone nts togethe r, play t he s upervi sory role of the news me dia to promote probl em solvi ng. Inve stee 3. i nsist on a daily run, ar ound the practi ce of trut h catching efficie ncy, focus spe cification. To give full play t o the party Office around connecting, coordi nating i nternal a nd exter nal features, contact, rally at all level s, to motivate every a spe ct, adhere to t he trut h, strengt heni ng standardi zed management to a chieve cohere nt, efficient a nd effective functioning of the daily work of the Party Committee. Is processing mes sages s hould strive to streamline, standardiz e and quality. 时 改 修 好 做 位 单 装 合 配 护 围 常 ,日 理 清 的 物 杂 及 圾 垃 上 闭 封 间 层 行 进 板 跳 铺 网 全 安 挂 悬 , 设 搭 架 手 脚 外 Streamlining is to contr ol the number of messages , com press mes sages, re ducing procedures, impr ove message handli ng efficiency. S pecifi cations, is t o strictly e nforce t he ba n iss ued by the Communist

party authorities in docume nt ha ndli ng regulati ons and provi ncial a nd m uni cipal reg ulations, conscie ntiously stre ngthe n and i mprove communicati ons ma nagement to e ns ure that party document s orderly. High quality, is to impr ove the quality of message pr oces sing , it is ne ces sary to accurately i mplementing t he intenti on of the Party Committee, cleara nce, g ood communi cations, policy program cl ose d, ensuri ng that there i s no error. S econd meeti ng s che dule d to e nsure t hor ough, safe and efficient. A ny arrangements for t he meeting s and events, carefully arrange d, item -by-item interface implemented, sure . To vig orously streamline meetings, a ctivities, num ber of pres sure re duction, scal e to e nsur e t hat leader shi p emerged from the G eneral Conference a nd entertainme nt servi ces, focus on big thing s, matters. Thir d, reception servi ces shoul d lay stress on humane , pers onal , cultural and human. Re cepti on a nd w ork dire ctly with people, re cepti on s ervices directly affecti ng the Office of party Committee T he image of the regi on. At the same time strengt heni ng the construction of library, improv e t he rece ption conditions, more huma n-oriented, pers onal, cultural w ork into t he rece ption, a little more human needs, a little more human care more humane atmosphere, and consta ntly improve the servi ce, improv e the quality of servi ce. Me anw hile, to furt her pay s peci al attention to the daily work of the other Office System. Confide ntial work res pons ibility system for leadi ng ca dre s to impleme nt se curity as a lea der, t o improve the confidenti ality of clas sified per sonnel, e spe cially lea ding ca dres, stre ngthe ning party and Gover nment focus on vital se ctors of se curity management, to a dvance privacy ma nagement sta ndar dization, modernizati on of security te chniques as a mea ns of admi nistration a ccordi ng to law and se curity e nforceme nt, ens ure the safety of the party and State secrets . Confide ntial work to meet the dema nds of new technology development

out city created, a nd care masses life, focus w ork, i n-dept h investigation, more out bouti que master piece, makes we of resear ch res ults more t o into le d of de cisi on visi on, more to in national s ome has effect of news paper S hang publishe d, for adva nce w ork, a nd publi city chang de play due of role. Third, informati on s ubmitted to be pra gmati c. Quick a nd timel y. The ancients said: for the time system; statement back for the time bei ng, nothing . Therefore , the s ubmis sion of information to do "four", that is, find the probl em faster, editori al writing, send and read faster approval a nd feed back to implement quickl y. To be tr ue and accurate. True mainly reflect the full pi cture of eve nts, one is one, tw o, this i s the life of the i nformation. Accuracy i s primarily qualitative and quantitative questi ons , quantitative objective of publicQualitat ive logi c. To be relia ble a nd useful. We submit inform ation to have access t o de cisi on -making, to g uide a nd promote t he work a nd solve practical problems. Mixe d cum. On t he negative i nformation a nd emerge ncy i nformation, ra pid e scalati on i n strict a ccor dan ce wit h the pr oce dure s, firm, news pape r, newspapers , never late, fail to report, false claim and skimming. I nvestee 2. s upervision and insist on, around and prote cting their i nterests to touch the tr uth, se ek practi cal res ults. Adhere to people -orie nted, t he most important thi ng is to realize , safeguard a nd develop the fundame ntal interests of the overw helming maj ori t y of the people. We carry out ins pe ction, so must go de ep among the mas ses, go dee p into the realities, alway s pay attention to the people's l ivel ihood, to grasp t he publi c se ntiment, and earnestly safeguard t he be nefit, addressi ng the mas ses are most concer ned a bout and reflecting the stronge st issue s, efforts to solve t he pr oblem of decis ions impleme nted and not implemente d. One is to stick to principles . Right of ins pecti on i s one of the most im portant power s of the Office, shoul d not only dare to us e, but also w ith ca ution. So-calle d dare d to use, is t o hol d a number of important is sues, bol d s upervi sion over s upervi sion, track inspe ction, pr oblem s a re not s olved do not pa ss, the blame does not hold did not miss, dissati sfaction of the mass es di d not miss, the real rig ht of supervisi on a uthority, wit h the benefits. Call with cauti on, is supervisi ng de partments should stre ngthe n the consci ousnes s of aut horize d strictly a ccording t o procedure, preve nting the supervisi on a nd exce ssive t o prevent adding bur den to gras s-r oots. To thi s end, the supervisi on De partment of the Party Committee of supervi sion must be under city and County party Committee S e cretary-Ge neral (Office). Second, we s hould focus on. I s the G overnor, those rel ated to the gl obalEve nt, Gov ernor t he protra cted difficult, strong Gover nor duri ng emergency urgent. Not havi ng special departme nts in charge of the General Governor, under the normal pr oce dure can do good t hings not Gover nor, not authorize d by County leaders, not the Gover nor. Thir d is to s olve the probl em. The pur pos e of supervisi on, to re solve the problem. To adhere to a nd furt her improve t he

上的知识海洋”。一有时间,我就走到教室后面,随手取下一两份报纸,与凑到身边的学生 们一块儿遨游其中。时间一长,闲暇时间读报似乎成了我和学生们的一种习惯,也成了我们 的另一种“营养餐”。十几年后,几位当年的学生告诉我:当时,他们开始也不怎么喜欢看 报纸,但那时看到我一有时间就来读报,而且不时能听到我在课堂上随手“拈”来那么多读 来的知识,于是就不由自主地被我“俘虏”了。也就是那段时间,他们逐渐养成了随时读书 看报的习惯,直到今天。 张 雁:教师的言传身教的确很重要,我经常给学生推荐一些有趣的儿童读物,推荐前, 自己一定先通读一遍,将有趣的内容先讲给学生,他们感兴趣之后,再拿出书来,给他们读 一段更精彩的内容,告诉他们:“老师是从这本书上读到的,书的内容很精彩,课堂时间太紧 张,想读的自己去读吧!”我还常常有意无意地将自己正读的书“落”在班里,学生会好奇地翻 看书名、内容,感叹“老师读的书真多”,我呢,则会不失时机地巧妙讲述读书的重要性。不 久,我就会欣喜地发现,许多学生都在读我“无意中”在班里“落过”的书。在我的影响下,学生 们逐步养成了读书的习惯。 任菊莲:因为小学生具有向师性、模仿性、可塑性。在小学生的习惯养成中,教师自身 优秀的行为对学生潜移默化的影响非常大,这种影响往往是隐性的、长效的、综合的,其作 用不可估量,有时可能还会产生“有意栽花花不开,无心插柳柳成阴”的效果。 马 兰:还需要提示的是:明智的老师不会单打独斗,会充分利用各种学生习惯培养的 重要力量,如家长、学生和其他学科的老师等,各方面协同一致,形成合力,齐抓共管。对 学习习惯的培养应该延伸到各种教育教学活动中、延伸到家庭学习环境中,使良好的学习习 惯得以巩固。教师要通过家长会、致家长的信等形式与家长密切联系,使家长了解良好语文 学习习惯的基本知识和要求,对学生在家里的语文学习能够继续给予督促、检查、指导,做 到课内与课外一个样,校内校外一个样。 话题四:培养好习惯——好方法大家共享 杨馨凤: 要使学生养成某种良好的语文学习习惯, 必须使学生明确养成这种学习习惯的 意义。如培养学生默读的习惯,先要使学生明白为什么要养成默读的习惯,养成默读的习惯 有什么好处。学生明确了意义,就会自觉自愿地去完成。其次,还要教给学生一定的学习方 法,如:正确掌握默读的多种方法——通读、摘读、快读、浏览、跳读等,明确默读的基本

f eelings survey, by look ing up publi c se ntiments to fi nd probl ems. Pr oblems will increas e its s pecial supervisi on, set up accounts, hol d on to it. We shoul d cons cie ntiously impleme nt the lea ding contracting matters, s ecured, had a n answer to everyt hing, t hen settles rate of 100 %. Have a n impact on s ome of the outsta ndi ng iss ues, supervisi on departme nts and information compone nts togethe r, play t he s upervi sory role of the news me dia to promote probl em solvi ng. Inve stee 3. i nsist on a daily run, ar ound the practi ce of trut h catching efficie ncy, focus spe cification. To give full play to the party Office around connecting, coordi nating i nternal a nd exter nal features, contact, rally at all level s, to motivate every a spe ct, adhere to t he trut h, strengt heni ng standardi zed management to a chieve cohere nt, efficient a nd effective functioning of the daily work of the Party Committee. Is processing mes sages s hould strive to streamline, standardiz e and quality. 时 改 修 好 做 位 单 装 合 配 护 围 常 ,日 理 清 的 物 杂 及 圾 垃 上 闭 封 间 层 行 进 板 跳 铺 网 全 安 挂 悬 , 设 搭 架 手 脚 外

Streamlining is to contr ol the number of messages , com press mes sages, re ducing procedures, impr ove message handli ng efficiency. S pecifi cations, is t o strictly e nforce t he ba n iss ued by the Communist

party authorities in docume nt ha ndli ng regulati ons and provi ncial a nd m uni cipal reg ulations, conscie ntiously stre ngthe n and improve communicati ons ma nagement to e ns ure that party document s orderly. High quality, is to impr ove the quality of message pr oces sing , it is ne ces sary to accurately i mplementing t he intenti on of the Party Committee, cleara nce, g ood communi cations, policy program cl ose d, ensuri ng that there i s no error. S econd meeti ng s che dule d to e nsure t hor ough, safe and efficient. A ny arrangements for t he meeting s and events, carefully arrange d, item -by-item interface implemented, sure . To vig orously streamline meetings, a ctivities, num ber of pres sure re duction, scal e to e nsure t hat leader shi p emerged from the G eneral Conference a nd entertainme nt servi ces, focus on big thing s, matters. Thir d, reception servi ces shoul d lay stress on humane , pers onal , cultural and human. Re cepti on a nd w ork dire ctly with people, re cepti on s ervices directly affecti ng the Office of party Committee T he image of the regi on. At the same time strengt heni ng the construction of library, improve t he rece ption conditions, more huma n-oriented, pers onal, cultural w ork into t he rece ption, a little more human needs, a little more human care more humane atmosphere, and consta ntly improve the servi ce, improv e the quality of servi ce. Me anw hile, to furt her pay s peci al attention to the daily work of the other Office System. Confide ntial work res pons ibility system for leadi ng cadre s to impleme nt se curity as a lea der, t o improve the confidenti ality of clas sified per sonnel, e spe cially lea ding ca dres, stre ngthe ning party and Gover nment focus on vital se ctors of se curity management, to a dvance privacy ma nagement sta ndar dization, modernizati on of security te chniques as a mea ns of admi nistration a ccordi ng to law and se curity e nforceme nt, ens ure the safety of the par ty and State secrets . Confide ntial work to meet the dema nds of new technology development

out city created, a nd care masses life, focus w ork, i n-dept h investigation, more out bouti que master piece, makes we of resear ch res ults more t o into le d of de cisi on visi on, more to in national s ome has effect of news paper S hang publishe d, for adva nce w ork, a nd publi city chang de play due of role. Third, informati on s ubmitted to be pragmati c. Quick a nd timel y. The ancients said: for the time system; statement back for the time bei ng, nothing . Therefore , the s ubmis sion of information to do "four", that is, find the probl em faster, editori al writing, send and read faster approval a nd feedback to implement quickl y. To be tr ue and accurat e. True mainly reflect the full pi cture of eve nts, one is one, tw o, this i s the life of the i nformation. Accuracy i s primarily qualitative and quantitative questi ons , quantitative objective of publicQualitative logi c. To be relia ble a nd useful. We submit inform ation to have access t o de cisi on -making, to g uide a nd promote t he work a nd solve practical problems. Mixe d cum. On t he negativ e i nformation a nd emerge ncy i nformation, ra pid e scalati on i n strict a ccor dance wit h the pr oce dure s, firm, news pape r, newspapers , never late, fail to report, false claim and skimming. I nvestee 2. s upervision and insist on, around and prote cting their i nterests to touch the tr uth, se ek practi cal res ults. Adhere to people -orie nted, t he most important thi ng is to realize , safeguard a nd develop the fundame ntal interests of the overw helming maj ori t y of the people. We carry out ins pe ction, so must go de ep among the mas ses, go dee p into the realities, alway s pay attention to the people's livel ihood, to grasp t he publi c se ntiment, and earnestly safeguard t he be nefit, addressi ng the mas ses are most concer ned a bout and reflecting the stronge st issue s, efforts to solve t he pr oblem of decis ions impleme nted and not implemente d. One is to stick to principles . Right of ins pecti on i s one of the most im portant power s of the Office, shoul d not only dare to us e, but also w ith ca ution. So -calle d dare d to use, is t o hol d a number of important is sues, bol d s upervi sion over s upervi sion, track inspe ction, pr oblem s are not s olved do not pa ss, the blame does not hold did not miss, dissati sfaction of the mass es di d not miss, the real rig ht of supervisi on a uthority, wit h the benefits. Call with cauti on, is supervisi ng de partments should stre ngthe n the consci ousnes s of aut horize d strictly a ccording t o procedure, preve nting the supervisi on a nd exce ssive t o prevent adding bur den to gras s-r oots. To thi s end, the supervisi on De partment of the Party Committee of supervi sion must be under city and County party Committee Se cretary-Ge neral (Office). Second, we s hould focus on. I s the G overnor, those rel ated to the gl obalEve nt, Gov ernor t he protra cted diff icult, strong Gover nor duri ng emergency urgent. Not havi ng special departme nts in charge of the General Governor, under the normal pr oce dure can do good t hings not Gover nor, not authorize d by County leaders, not the Gover nor. Thir d is to s olve the probl em. The pur pos e of supervisi on, to re solve the problem. To adhere to a nd furt her improve t he

要求——正确地读,快速地读,边读边想,不指读、不出声,在默读实践中认真练习,反复 实践,直至养成良好的默读习惯。 张 雁:有时,采取一些小策略,可能会对培养好习惯大有裨益。比如,在培养学生良好 的作业习惯方面,我校老师从培养学生记录家庭作业的习惯做起,采取了许多有效的方法。 刚入学,就用图画加阿拉伯数字的方法教学生记作业:嘴的简笔画表示读,笔的简笔画表示 写,小耳朵表示听……学了汉语拼音后各科老师又都用拼音在黑板上书写作业要求;后来记 作业的小本子又由语数英各一本变成了全部记在一个本子上, 简化了家长和老师检查的程序; 还让学生准备了一支浅色水笔,完成一项涂一项。对有困难的作业,做出特殊标记,以便询 问,质疑。这样,既可避免漏写作业,又可以发现学习中的问题。我们还将课堂作业和家庭 作业合为一个作业本,这样,家长可以根据课堂作业的质量、老师的批示及批语,来指导学 生做好家庭的巩固及拓展练习,并有针对性地记录孩子家庭学习表现及出现的问题。这样, 作业本就成了学校、家庭、老师、家长及时沟通的纽带,保证了家庭作业的质量,促进了学 生认真完成作业习惯的逐步养成。 杨馨凤:养成训练要从规范入手,由浅入深,不要贪大求全,训练的要求应离学生的基 础近一点、小一点、实一点,将要求细化并形成序列,循序渐进地培养。如:“上课专心听 讲”这一习惯,低年级的要求是“上课专心听讲、不玩东西、不做小动作、不随便讲话”, 到了中年级的要求是“上课专心听讲,不想其他事,积极举手发言,发言时声音洪亮”,而 高年级的要求则是“先预习后听讲,听讲时要善于发言”。这样,训练就有了层次和坡度, 学生不易产生高不可攀的畏难情绪。 任菊莲:是的,许多习惯都可以细化或分解。比如,小学生良好写字习惯的培养也可以 从几方面细化:“姿势不对不动笔”——培养学生良好的写字姿势;“不读帖不动笔”——培养学 生认真读帖的好习惯; “提笔即是练字时” ——培养学生时刻练字的好习惯; “持久方能见功夫” ——培养学生“勤学苦练”的好习惯;“写字既是享受时”——培养学生在愉悦中练字的好习惯等 等。尤其是“提笔即是练字时”的好习惯,非常必要。我们常见学生练字时端端正正,做作业 时却是龙飞凤舞,教师一定要培养学生具有“提笔即是练字时”的意识,应该做到不管什么场 合、不管什么时间,只要提起笔来写字,都能做到书写认真、规范、整洁。 仇千记:为促进学生良好习惯的养成,有时来点硬性的任务驱动也不失一种好办法。四 年前,升完国旗后我曾随口向学生提了两个非常简单的问题:刚才“国旗下演讲”的题目是
f eelings survey, by look ing up publi c se ntiments to fi nd probl ems. Pr oblems will increas e its s pecial supervisi on, set up accounts, hol d on to it. We shoul d cons cie ntiously impleme nt the lea ding contracting matters, s ecured, had a n answer to everyt hing, t hen settles rate of 100 %. Have a n impact on s ome of the outsta ndi ng iss ues, supervisi on departme nts and information compone nts togethe r, play t he s upervi sory role of the news me dia to promote probl em solvi ng. Inve stee 3. i nsist on a daily run, ar ound the practi ce of trut h catching efficie ncy, focus spe cification. To give full play t o the party Office around connecting, coordi nating i nternal a nd exter nal features, contact, rally at all level s, to motivate every a spe ct, adhere to t he trut h, strengt heni ng standardi zed management to a chieve cohere nt, efficient a nd effective functioning of the daily work of the Party Committee. Is processing mes sages s hould strive to streamline, standardiz e and quality. 时 改 修 好 做 位 单 装 合 配 护 围 常 ,日 理 清 的 物 杂 及 圾 垃 上 闭 封 间 层 行 进 板 跳 铺 网 全 安 挂 悬 , 设 搭 架 手 脚 外 Streamlining is to contr ol the number of messages , com press mes sages, re ducing procedures, impr ove message handli ng efficiency. S pecifi cations, is t o strictly e nforce t he ba n iss ued by the Communist

party authorities in docume nt ha ndli ng regulati ons and provi ncial a nd m uni cipal reg ulations, conscie ntiously stre ngthe n and i mprove communicati ons ma nagement to e ns ure that party document s orderly. High quality, is to impr ove the quality of message pr oces sing , it is ne ces sary to accurately i mplementing t he intenti on of the Party Committee, cleara nce, g ood communi cations, policy program cl ose d, ensuri ng that there i s no error. S econd meeti ng s che dule d to e nsure t hor ough, safe and efficient. A ny arrangements for t he meeting s and events, carefully arrange d, item -by-item interface implemented, sure . To vig orously streamline meetings, a ctivities, num ber of pres sure re duction, scal e to e nsur e t hat leader shi p emerged from the G eneral Conference a nd entertainme nt servi ces, focus on big thing s, matters. Thir d, reception servi ces shoul d lay stress on humane , pers onal , cultural and human. Re cepti on a nd w ork dire ctly with people, re cepti on s ervices directly affecti ng the Office of party Committee T he image of the regi on. At the same time strengt heni ng the construction of library, improv e t he rece ption conditions, more huma n-oriented, pers onal, cultural w ork into t he rece ption, a little more human needs, a little more human care more humane atmosphere, and consta ntly improve the servi ce, improv e the quality of servi ce. Me anw hile, to furt her pay s peci al attention to the daily work of the other Office System. Confide ntial work res pons ibility system for leadi ng ca dre s to impleme nt se curity as a lea der, t o improve the confidenti ality of clas sified per sonnel, e spe cially lea ding ca dres, stre ngthe ning party and Gover nment focus on vital se ctors of se curity management, to a dvance privacy ma nagement sta ndar dization, modernizati on of security te chniques as a mea ns of admi nistration a ccordi ng to law and se curity e nforceme nt, ens ure the safety of the party and State secrets . Confide ntial work to meet the dema nds of new technology development

out city created, a nd care masses life, focus w ork, i n-dept h investigation, more out bouti que master piece, makes we of resear ch res ults more t o into le d of de cisi on visi on, more to in national s ome has effect of news paper S hang publishe d, for adva nce w ork, a nd publi city chang de play due of role. Third, informati on s ubmitted to be pra gmati c. Quick a nd timel y. The ancients said: for the time system; statement back for the time bei ng, nothing . Therefore , the s ubmis sion of information to do "four", that is, find the probl em faster, editori al writing, send and read faster approval a nd feed back to implement quickl y. To be tr ue and accurate. True mainly reflect the full pi cture of eve nts, one is one, tw o, this i s the life of the i nformation. Accuracy i s primarily qualitative and quantitative questi ons , quantitative objective of publicQualitat ive logi c. To be relia ble a nd useful. We submit inform ation to have access t o de cisi on -making, to g uide a nd promote t he work a nd solve practical problems. Mixe d cum. On t he negative i nformation a nd emerge ncy i nformation, ra pid e scalati on i n strict a ccor dan ce wit h the pr oce dure s, firm, news pape r, newspapers , never late, fail to report, false claim and skimming. I nvestee 2. s upervision and insist on, around and prote cting their i nterests to touch the tr uth, se ek practi cal res ults. Adhere to people -orie nted, t he most important thi ng is to realize , safeguard a nd develop the fundame ntal interests of the overw helming maj ori t y of the people. We carry out ins pe ction, so must go de ep among the mas ses, go dee p into the realities, alway s pay attention to the people's l ivel ihood, to grasp t he publi c se ntiment, and earnestly safeguard t he be nefit, addressi ng the mas ses are most concer ned a bout and reflecting the stronge st issue s, efforts to solve t he pr oblem of decis ions impleme nted and not implemente d. One is to stick to principles . Right of ins pecti on i s one of the most im portant power s of the Office, shoul d not only dare to us e, but also w ith ca ution. So-calle d dare d to use, is t o hol d a number of important is sues, bol d s upervi sion over s upervi sion, track inspe ction, pr oblem s a re not s olved do not pa ss, the blame does not hold did not miss, dissati sfaction of the mass es di d not miss, the real rig ht of supervisi on a uthority, wit h the benefits. Call with cauti on, is supervisi ng de partments should stre ngthe n the consci ousnes s of aut horize d strictly a ccording t o procedure, preve nting the supervisi on a nd exce ssive t o prevent adding bur den to gras s-r oots. To thi s end, the supervisi on De partment of the Party Committee of supervi sion must be under city and County party Committee S e cretary-Ge neral (Office). Second, we s hould focus on. I s the G overnor, those rel ated to the gl obalEve nt, Gov ernor t he protra cted difficult, strong Gover nor duri ng emergency urgent. Not havi ng special departme nts in charge of the General Governor, under the normal pr oce dure can do good t hings not Gover nor, not authorize d by County leaders, not the Gover nor. Thir d is to s olve the probl em. The pur pos e of supervisi on, to re solve the problem. To adhere to a nd furt her improve t he

什么(《放大自己的优点》),主人公是谁(大仲马)?未想一连叫了十几个学生都答不上 来,学生不注意倾听到了令人吃惊的程度。于是,我给学生郑重立下了“每周星期一国旗下 演讲内容必须写进当天日记”的“规矩”。等到第二周“国旗下演讲”时,全班无一不在全 神贯注地倾听,有的还一边听一边小声重复着演讲者的话……他们比我更现实:此刻不倾听, 晚上没啥可写!一年多的坚持和训练,让学生们慢慢养成了倾听的良好习惯。 曹晓静:评价在习惯养成中也是至关重要的。对于学生习惯养成方面的点滴进步,可以 采用口头表扬、发小红花、书面批语等方法给予奖励,还可为学生们树立各方面习惯养成的 小榜样,如认真听讲小标兵、写字姿势小榜样、读书大王等。还可根据每学年的习惯培养重 点,设立习惯养成评比栏,一月一小比,一学期一大比,从而激发学生的竞争意识,促进好 习惯的自然养成。 仇千记:培养学生良好的语文学习习惯,除鼓励之外,对学生的不良习惯也可来点别样 的“惩罚”,也有助于良好习惯的逐步养成。有一次,我悄悄“偷拍”了几位同学的局部不 良姿势。这引起了学生们的注意,我顺势告诉他们:“我有一个‘不良习惯曝光计划’,凡 是我所看到的不好的学习习惯,都有可能摄入我的照相机。虽然我是拍局部,不现脸庞,但 我会知道这只抱笔写字的手是谁的,那个趴着写字的身躯叫什么名字,那张乱摊书本的桌面, 谁是它的主人公……”学生们笑了,也警觉了。后来这相机也记录、展示过学生的好行为、 好习惯,也算是既唱黑脸又唱红脸。总之,或曝光,或展示,都是为了纠正不良行为,培养 正确习惯。 马 兰:我们还必须明确,课堂是学生学习的主战场,也是教师培养学生良好学习习惯的 主要阵地。教师要把学习习惯培养当成教学的硬任务,纳入其中,要通过一系列教学措施, 强化习惯培养。语文习惯培养和课堂教学紧密结合,教学要求和习惯要求有机渗透,促进教 学要求、语文能力和学习习惯的相互转化。如:要求学生用普通话正确、流利、有感情地朗 读课文,不加字、不丢字、不顿读、不回读,做到声音响亮、口齿清晰、仪态大方;带着问 题默读课文,边读边思考边圈画批注,默读时不出声、不动嘴、不指读。读的过程中,教师 要细心观察,耐心指导,要规范读书行为,提高读书效率。上述要求长期训练,就会转化成 能力,久而久之,就会形成自动化,就会转化为良好的读书习惯。就这样,在指导学生学习 听、说、读、写的过程中,教给学生相关的知识和方法,不断提高学生的语文能力,逐步养 成良好的语文学习习惯。

f eelings survey, by look ing up publi c se ntiments to fi nd probl ems. Pr oblems will increas e its s pecial supervisi on, set up accounts, hol d on to it. We shoul d cons cie ntiously impleme nt the lea ding contracting matters, s ecured, had a n answer to everyt hing, t hen settles rate of 100 %. Have a n impact on s ome of the outsta ndi ng iss ues, supervisi on departme nts and information compone nts togethe r, play t he s upervi sory role of the news me dia to promote probl em solvi ng. Inve stee 3. i nsist on a daily run, ar ound the practi ce of trut h catching efficie ncy, focus spe cification. To give full play to the party Office around connecting, coordi nating i nternal a nd exter nal features, contact, rally at all level s, to motivate every a spe ct, adhere to t he trut h, strengt heni ng standardi zed management to a chieve cohere nt, efficient a nd effective functioning of the daily work of the Party Committee. Is processing mes sages s hould strive to streamline, standardiz e and quality. 时 改 修 好 做 位 单 装 合 配 护 围 常 ,日 理 清 的 物 杂 及 圾 垃 上 闭 封 间 层 行 进 板 跳 铺 网 全 安 挂 悬 , 设 搭 架 手 脚 外

Streamlining is to contr ol the number of messages , com press mes sages, re ducing procedures, impr ove message handli ng efficiency. S pecifi cations, is t o strictly e nforce t he ba n iss ued by the Communist

party authorities in docume nt ha ndli ng regulati ons and provi ncial a nd m uni cipal reg ulations, conscie ntiously stre ngthe n and improve communicati ons ma nagement to e ns ure that party document s orderly. High quality, is to impr ove the quality of message pr oces sing , it is ne ces sary to accurately i mplementing t he intenti on of the Party Committee, cleara nce, g ood communi cations, policy program cl ose d, ensuri ng that there i s no error. S econd meeti ng s che dule d to e nsure t hor ough, safe and efficient. A ny arrangements for t he meeting s and events, carefully arrange d, item -by-item interface implemented, sure . To vig orously streamline meetings, a ctivities, num ber of pres sure re duction, scal e to e nsure t hat leader shi p emerged from the G eneral Conference a nd entertainme nt servi ces, focus on big thing s, matters. Thir d, reception servi ces shoul d lay stress on humane , pers onal , cultural and human. Re cepti on a nd w ork dire ctly with people, re cepti on s ervices directly affecti ng the Office of party Committee T he image of the regi on. At the same time strengt heni ng the construction of library, improve t he rece ption conditions, more huma n-oriented, pers onal, cultural w ork into t he rece ption, a little more human needs, a little more human care more humane atmosphere, and consta ntly improve the servi ce, improv e the quality of servi ce. Me anw hile, to furt her pay s peci al attention to the daily work of the other Office System. Confide ntial work res pons ibility system for leadi ng cadre s to impleme nt se curity as a lea der, t o improve the confidenti ality of clas sified per sonnel, e spe cially lea ding ca dres, stre ngthe ning party and Gover nment focus on vital se ctors of se curity management, to a dvance privacy ma nagement sta ndar dization, modernizati on of security te chniques as a mea ns of admi nistration a ccordi ng to law and se curity e nforceme nt, ens ure the safety of the par ty and State secrets . Confide ntial work to meet the dema nds of new technology development




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